Buccal Ties Paper
Baxter, Merkel-Walsh, Lahey, Knudsen and Zaghi
The buccal frenum: Trends in diagnosis and indications for treatment of buccal-ties among 466 healthcare professionals
The buccal frenum is connective tissue that adheres the mucosa of the cheek to the alveolar process. When restricted, this condition is commonly known as a buccal- or cheek-tie. Restrictive buccal frena are often treated during tongue- and lip-tie procedures, yet widely accepted classification, diagnostic and treatment guidelines are lacking.